OF THEN PRESIDENT OF INDIA DR. A.P.J. KALAM,
MEMBERS OF MADHYA PRADESH LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY, BHOPAL
17-07-2006 : Bhopal
Missions for Madhya Pradesh's Prosperity
you are inspired by some great purpose
Dormant forces, faculties and talents become alive.
I am delighted to address the Honourble
Members of the Legislative Assembly of Madhya Pradesh. When I am with you, I am reminded
of the heroic deeds of the freedom fighters and nation builders of Madhya Pradesh like
Pandit Ravi Shankar Shukla, Pandit Sunder Lal Sharma and many others. The members of
Legislative Assembly of Madhya Pradesh belong to an institution that gives vision to the
State and evolves the legal framework, policies and programmes of the State. You oversee
the financial resources and implementation of major tasks. Madhya Pradesh is the first
State Government in India to change from representative democracy to a fully elaborated
system of direct democracy at the village level. You have a proud history, your mission is
to make the aspirations and dreams of the people of Madhya Pradesh become a reality. My
greetings to all of you and to all the citizens of Madhya Pradesh in this Golden Jubilee
Year of the State.
My presentation to the Legislative Assembly on the occasion of the Golden Jubilee
Celebrations is based on the following principles :-
(a) Method of increasing the per-capita income of the State to Rs. 50,000 from Rs. 14,000
(b) Improving the Human Development ranking of Madhya Pradesh from the present 12 to less
(c) Realizing the goal of total literacy before 2012 by giving highest priority to women's
education, particularly the tribal population.
(d) Empower all tribal citizens with quality education, healthcare and employment
(e) Progressively reducing the number of people living below the poverty line from the
existing 40 percent to near zero by 2016.
Madhya Pradesh and Me
The forests of Madhya Pradesh are well known to me.
During the period 1985 to 1995, I have moved from one area to another continuously for
many days with my team in Madhya Pradesh. That led to the establishment of an important
critical national facility in the forest region. That was the time, when I interacted with
very many tribal groups. Of course, some forest areas where I had worked, are now part of
Dear friends, I recently visited Chitrakoot in Madhya
Pradesh, where I met Shri Nanaji Deshmukh, 90+ and his team belonging to the Deendayal
Research Institute (DRI). The DRI is a unique institution developing and implementing a
village development system, which is most suited for India. As a part of integrated rural
development, villagers are engaged in water harvesting; effectively using it for
cultivation of food grains, medicinal and aromatic and horticulture cultivation. They are
transforming herbs into herbal products and marketing them. Apart from all these
development activities, the institute is facilitating a cohesive conflict free society. As
a result of this, eighty villages around Chitrakoot are almost litigation free. Villagers
have unanimously decided that no dispute will find its way to court. Differences will be
sorted out amicably in the village itself. The reason given by Nana Deshmukhji is that if
the people fight among each other they will have no time for development. This is also
true in the life of a nation in every political system. The work of the DRI has enabled
the generation of employment for a large number of farmers in the Chitrakoot region.
During my visit, I went to a small village called Patni where the villagers talked to me
about the progress of their village and their problems. Many women said they have to send
their children long distances for studying beyond the 10th Class. They requested
upgradation of the school to the plus 2 level. They also felt the need for a road which
would connect multiple villages. The then Chief Minister readily agreed and announced in
the meeting itself, that school upgradation and the provision of roads would be
implemented immediately. I am sure that would add to the happiness of many village
farmers. The DRI understands that people's power is very potent. Social advancement and
prosperity are possible only by injecting the spirit of self-reliance and excellence in
the younger generation. Using this principle the DRI has plans to develop a hundred
clusters of villages having approximately five villages each around Chitrakoot, based on
the experience of 80 villages in 16 clusters. All these have been accomplished through the
DRIs "samajshilpi dampati" a new concept of counseling and intervention promoted
by the DRI as a well conceived societal mission.
I would like to share a few thoughts with the Honourable Members of this Legislative
Assembly on the topic "Missions for Madhya Pradesh's Prosperity" with reference
to the core competence of Madhya Pradesh and national vision.
Our National Mission Challenges
Our nation is going through a major challenge of
uplifting 220 million people who are below the poverty line. They need habitat, they need
food, they need healthcare, and they need education and employment finally resulting in a
good life. Our GDP is growing at nearly 8 percent per annum. Whereas, economists suggest
that to uplift the people from below the poverty line, our economy has to grow at the rate
of an additional minimum of 2 percent per annum consistently, for over a decade.
Integrated Action for Development
Our mission of transforming India into a Developed
Nation is to meet the needs of one billion people. We have identified five areas where
India has core competencies for integrated action: (1) Agriculture and food processing (2)
Education and Healthcare (3) Infrastructure for all parts of the country such as reliable
and quality electric power and surface and air transport (4) Information and Communication
Technology and (5) Self-reliance in Strategic sectors. These five areas are closely
inter-related and when effectively addressed, would lead to food, economic, energy and
national security and lead to sustainable prosperity.
Engines for Growth
Emphasis should be on full utilization of natural and
human resources of the region to meet the demands of modern society. We should also
remember that about 50 percent of our population consists of young people, with
aspirations for a better life. This is also true in the case of Madhya Pradesh. Value
addition to agriculture, manufacturing and service sectors of the economy, building on the
State's core competencies and technologies, will lead to higher incomes and employment
opportunities and therefore higher growth rates. The engines for growth will be the
launching of the five national missions viz. water, energy, education and skills,
infrastructure and employment generation. Developed states will result in a developed
One of the questions that Members may ask is how can we
generate funds required for all the schemes, which I would like to share. I would say that
the Union Government has the Bharat Nirman Programme with an outlay of Rs. 1,74,000 crore
for the period 2006-2010, the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission covering 63
cities with an investment of Rs. 17000 crores, the Employment Guarantee Scheme for 18 out
of the 48 Districts of your State and increase of bank credit for agriculture to Rs.
1,75,000 crore during 2006-07.
Certain amount of fund have been allocated for the
development of Madhya Pradesh. The Honourable Members of this Assembly, and the
bureaucratic and the administrative system have to ensure that funds are sought in time
and are fully and effectively utilized for the purpose for which they have been allocated.
Now, I would like to discuss the core competence of Madhya Pradesh.
Core competence of Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh is the second largest state in terms of
area in the Indian Union. The total area of the State is 3,08,144 sq. km. The state is
completely landlocked. It straddles the Narmada River, which runs East to West between the
Vindhya and Satpura ranges; these ranges and the Narmada are the traditional boundary
between the North and the South of India. The State is bordered on the West by Gujarat, on
the Northwest by Rajasthan, on the Northeast by Uttar Pradesh, on the East by
Chhattisgarh, and on the South by Maharashtra.
The importance of your State's water resource was noted
by many historians. In the center of India there exists a considerable highland region
with peaks and ranges. Several of the great rivers of our country have their first source
in this elevated region which pour their water into the sea on either side of the
peninsula - to the North the Son, to the East the Mahanadi, flowing independently to the
Bay of Bengal, to the South some of the principal feeders of the Godavari, and to the West
the Narmada and the Tapti taking parallel courses to the Arabian Sea. Your State is
blessed with minerals like diamonds, coal, limestone, manganese, copper, dolomite, bauxite
and marble. I am sure the present and anticipated exploration activities will lead to
large scale extraction of mineral wealth of Madhya Pradesh.
Madhya Pradesh is endowed with rich and diverse forest resources valued at Rs. 250,000
crores. It has 10 agro-climatic regions, 9 national parks and 16 natural preserves. The
State is the largest producer of soyabeans, grams, oil seeds and pulses.
Developed Madhya Pradesh leads to Developed
What can be the mission to transform Madhya Pradesh
into a developed state? Since the number of people living below the poverty line in Madhya
Pradesh is about 40 percent against the present national average of 22 percent, the first
mission should be focused towards development leading to higher per capita income and
better quality of life. Madhya Pradesh can definitely transform itself into an
economically developed model state. At this stage, let me share with you the Development
Radar brought out by the Planning Commission.
The boundary of the octagon projected on the Development Radar indicates the maximum
achievements of various indicators of development. The smaller octagon represents the
national average. While we appreciate your achievements in providing safe drinking water
for half of your people, you need to achieve much higher results in the area of pucca
houses, literacy, formal education, life expectancy, particularly infant mortality rate,
per capita expenditure and poverty alleviation. The Honourable Members need to realize
that Madhya Pradesh has the potential to achieve all these aspects by using the natural
resources and youth power available in the State and deciding to work in synchronization
for the development of the State as the prime mission of the Legislative Assembly.
Missions for Madhya Pradesh
Let us study what are the missions which Madhya Pradesh
can undertake based on the core competence of the State. The following are some of the
important missions suggested for Madhya Pradeshs prosperity :-
1. Horticulture Mission
While studying the horticultural programme of Madhya
Pradesh, I found that 18 out of 48 districts have been brought under the present national
horticultural mission. The rate at which horticulture is being introduced is of the order
of 15,000 to 20,000 hectares per year. I notice that land availability for horticulture in
Madhya Pradesh is around 20 lakh hectares.
Potential for Horticulture: Considering the
potential of horticulture in Madhya Pradesh, it is suggested to enhance the scope of the
present mission to bring at least 10 lakh hectares under horticulture and floriculture
within the next ten years. This will need coordinated planning towards identification and
preparation of land, creation of water bodies, preparation of nurseries with adequate
seedlings, tying up with research and academic institutions for constantly increasing
productivity, preparation for use of bio-fertilizers and bio-pesticides, post-harvest
activities such as cold storage plants, packaging, and preservation leading to marketing.
Presently, the Government is providing a subsidy of around Rs. 11,000 per hectare for the
plantation and the other 50 percent is required to be mobilized by the farmer. The
integrated funding mechanism may be streamlined enabling the farmer to get hassle free
loan for his project.
Integrating Horticulture with Food Processing: While the mission encourages farmers
to go for horticulture and enhance their income there is a need to integrate production
activity with fruit and vegetable processing which will provide larger value addition to
the product and also prevent distress sale by the farmer when faced with large quantity of
fruits and vegetables produce. These food processing units can be created as a
co-operative venture of farmers in different districts so that the benefits of value
addition will largely reach the farmer in addition to providing additional employment
opportunities. The average employment potential for a hectare of land for horticulture is
around four to five persons. In addition processing may provide additional employment to
one to two persons per hectare.
Food Processing as part of PURA: The potential
of the horticultural mission can hence be further enhanced by locating fruit and vegetable
processing units at a nodal center involving a cluster of villages where fruits and
vegetables are grown. These clusters can be provided with physical connectivity,
electronic connectivity and knowledge connectivity as envisaged for a full-fledged PURA
(Providing Urban amenities in Rural Areas) which will facilitate vibrant knowledge based
economic activity in the cluster with potential for employment generation. The average
value of produce depending upon the type of product chosen such as papaya, banana, mango,
orange, aonla, coriander and garlic and chilly will be around Rs. 80,000 per hectare. The
same product once processed will have a value over Rs. 4 lakh. Hence, I would recommend
that the scope of the mission may be enhanced to include food processing to become part of
the mission and with a target of bringing one lakh hectare per annum under horticulture
products covering all 48 districts of the State. When we bring one lakh hectares under the
horticulture mission per year it will lead to a revenue of Rs. 4,000 crore including food
processing and marketing and it will generate employment for 6 lakh people per year.
Outcome of the Project in ten years: When the entire 10 lakh hectares are brought
under horticulture the mission in 10 years will be able to provide employment to six
million people with an annual revenue of over Rs. 40,000 crore. As a part of the mission,
it will be useful to establish links with food processing research laboratories and
horticultural research laboratories which could eventually pave the way for the creation
of full-fledged laboratories in Madhya Pradesh. The corporate sector which has created the
farm to fork project in Punjab can also participate in this mission. The State
Government can provide a helping hand by simplification of procedures, waiving of taxes
and fees, speedy availability of existing government or Panchayat land on attractive
terms. With all the above concerted steps, Madhya Pradesh could evolve as the
horticultural hub of the country.
2. Agriculture and Related Missions
Agriculture is the core competence of Madhya Pradesh.
It has very good soil. Madhya Pradesh is basically rich in water resources barring a few
pockets. It would be possible to irrigate around 75 percent of the present net sown area.
The State should strive to double the irrigated area in the next few years in partnership
with the National Bank for Agricultural and Rural Development (NABARD). I am happy that
the State Government has signed a tripartite MoU for development of one of the first of
the 30 river linkage projects conceptualized by the National Water Development Authority
which will provide irrigation facilities for an estimated 81,000 hectares. Using the
scientific method of farming involving soil characterization, matching the right seed to
soil, seeding in the right time, fertilizer and pesticide selection, water management,
pre-and-post harvesting methodology, productivity of the land can be considerably
increased. Our efforts should be to adopt an integrated methodology of enhancing
agricultural output in all 48 districts of the State.
Strategies for Improving Production: The aim
should be to increase average production of cereals from the present 12.2 million tonnes
to 20 million tonnes and pulses from 3.3 million tonnes to 5 million tonnes within the
next four years. In order to achieve this target, the factors which needs to be addressed
are: State wide implementation of water harvesting measures, reducing water-logging
wherever it is, improvement in infrastructure particularly good motorable roads, assured
availability of power to the farmer through solar power; storage systems in large
metric tonnes capacities; food processing plants; input and output quality assurance
centers for seeds and food grains; matching the seed to the soil; and marketing centers.
Moving up the value chain in agriculture through food processing is essential in Madhya
Pradesh to increase the contribution of the agriculture work force to Gross Domestic
Product (GDP). This will result in increasing the earning capacity of nearly 15 million
farm workers of Madhya Pradesh by nearly Rs. 8,000 to Rs. 15,000 per hectare depending
upon the chosen crop. A partnership is essential with the Indian Council for Agricultural
Research (ICAR), the International Rice Research Institute, Manila, the Central Food
Technology Research Institute (CFTRI), Mysore and agricultural universities.
Soyabean Mission: Madhya Pradesh is the largest producer of soyabeans in the
country. Approximately, 5 million hectares are under soyabean production spread in 44
districts. Our study indicates that average productivity of soyabean in the State is
around 1000 kg. per hectare as against international productivity of around 3000 kg. per
hectare. The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)
water shed team in partnership with ICAR institutions and NGOs have worked in the State
and found that the average productivity of soyabean in Madhya Pradesh can definitely be
increased to at least 2000 kg. per hectare. This enhancement can be achieved through a
mission mode programme involving R & D agencies, agricultural universities, industry,
farmers and the government. The actions needed to be taken by the mission are :-
(a) In many areas of Madhya Pradesh it has been found that the soil is deficient in micro
nutrients such as zinc, boron and sulphur. There is a need to map this deficiency in
different areas and bridge the gap through balanced fertilization demonstrated on large
farms. ICRISAT could provide technical assistance and NABARD could provide financial
support. Private companies who are processing soyabean can also participate in this
(b) Providing improved quality soyabean seed varieties to farmers in time for sowing.
(c) Reducing rainy season fallows through knowledge campaigns and demonstration to farmers
and building their confidence.
(d) Promoting appropriate land and water management practices for alleviating water
logging and simultaneously harvesting water for subsequent supplemental irrigation. This
has to be done through demonstration in the region for convergence and an integrated
approach for enhancing productivity.
(e) Capacity building among stakeholders through training, skill development and online
problem solving and knowledge sharing through village knowledge centres linked to Kisan
Call Centres and PURA nodal centres.
(f) Arranging efficient processing of soyabean as soya oil, and soya protein which can
result in a value addition of 4 to 5 times.
(g) Rationalizing the import duty structure for soyabean oil similar to other oils for
making it remunerative for farmers.
Management and Results: This mission can be
managed through the best practices followed in the co-operative model available for milk
products in Gujarat and sugarcane and sugar products in Maharashtra. There is a potential
to increase the total production of soyabean from the existing 5 million tonnes to over 10
million tonnes. In financial terms it will enhance the revenue of farmers from the
existing Rs.4,500 crores per annum to Rs.9,000 crores. This revenue increase will be
available to 5 million families owning 5 million hectares of land. Farmers' revenue will
be further increased through the commissioning of a Chain-Soyabean mission run
by large number of soyabean co-operatives supported by the Madhya Pradesh Government.
Krishak Mitra the selected progressive farmer of over 55,000 villages of Madhya Pradesh
can definitely play an important role in motivating other farmers in their villages to
work towards this goal.
Dairy Development: Madhya Pradesh has a
successful model of dairy development through the Madhya Pradesh Dairy Co-operative
Society which has been established on the Anand pattern. Presently, the society is
procuring milk to the extent of 4.5 lakh liters per day. Over the last three decades the
dairy programme has expanded to 44 districts of the State. The total members benefiting
from this scheme is just 4.5 lakh. Dairy has a great potential in Madhya Pradesh. We
should attempt to improve the dairy development programme by inducting high quality cattle
followed by artificial insemination and vaccination programmes. The aim should be to
spread the programme to all the districts and also to increase the participation of an
additional 5.5 lakh people over the next three years. This action will enable the
provision of additional productive self-employment to over five and half lakh families in
rural areas of the State over the next three to four years. As already discussed, the
Bharatiya Agro Industries Foundation (BAIF) has been working on a programme of livestock
development for promotion of dairy husbandry in Jhabua district. This type of programme
can be extended to other districts so that the milk yield in the State as a whole is
increased substantially so that per capita availability of milk is gradually increased
from the present 233 grams per day to at least 500 grams per day within the next five
years. This is essential to increase the nutrition content of the people especially
mothers and the children for reducing the infant mortality rate and maternal mortality
3. Education and Entrepreneurship
According to the 2001 Census, the literacy rate in
Madhya Pradesh was 63.7 percent with female literacy being only 50.3 percent. This
situation needs urgent remedial action. Firstly, there is a need to bring down dropouts
from elementary and secondary schools which is of the order of 35percent and 36 percent
Primary Education: Our aim is to develop human resources with a value system and
entrepreneurial skills. There is an urgent need to arrest the tendency of school dropouts
and the generation of happy enlightened citizens. Some of the NGOs dealing with education
should train children during their formative years between three and five years in good
habits, etiquette, hygiene, creative learning and character building through a harmonious
educational atmosphere. Madhya Pradesh should apply this technique of pre-education
training in all the districts of the State. This is definitely a societal mission. I have
seen this type of training being provided by Dr. M.R. Raju in Andhra Pradesh which has
reduced drop out rates.
Secondary Education: Another model for secondary education which I would like to
suggest is the incorporation of accelerated learning through computers which has been used
in many government schools in Karnataka in partnership with the Azim Premji Foundation. In
this model reduction in dropouts is being realized through active participation of
parents, teachers and a social organization in the region. This technique can be adopted
in all the districts of your State, so that drop outs at middle and secondary school level
does not take place. Madhya Pradesh may consider special training programmes for teachers
so that they can impart employable skills among children. These programmes can be carried
out both as direct contact programmes and as virtual learning programmes to enable
availability of teachers in the class without difficulty. To remove adult illiteracy, a
mission has to be taken by all children in higher classes namely 9th, 10th and colleges to
teach at least five persons every year who cannot read and write. Such a multi-pronged
strategy will enable Madhya Pradesh to achieve at least 75 percent literacy by 2010
particularly among women and cent percent literacy by 2015. The State Government may
consider introduction of mobile schools particularly in tribal areas for reducing dropouts
in addition to other interventions such as providing seasonal hostels for students.
Institutions of Advanced Learning in Madhya Pradesh:
The Madhya Pradesh Government can consider selecting five engineering colleges among
the sixty-nine engineering colleges, two medical colleges among the eight and two
universities teaching arts, science and commerce and develop them as centers of
excellence. The budgetary requirement can be shared between the State Central Governments.
This approach will provide a benchmark for other colleges and institutions in the State
leading to qualitative improvement in higher education as a whole. In addition, all
Universities and their affiliated colleges in Madhya Pradesh must progressively get
themselves ISO certified. Similar to higher education, centers of skill excellence can be
created through the upgradation of five polytechnics and ten Industrial Training
Institutes (ITIs). The Madhya Pradesh Government may also consider the establishment of a
few private sector advanced institutions at four or five key locations to provide healthy
competition for promoting excellence in education.
Entrepreneurship: Academic institutions in Madhya Pradesh generate about 4.5 lakh
graduates per year and 10th class and 10+2 students will be around 10 lakh. Over 14.5 lakh
youth will seek employment either within Madhya Pradesh, outside the state or abroad. The
school and university syllabi have to be integrated with entrepreneurship courses in
Madhya Pradesh. At the end of the course students should get a certificate or a diploma.
This will enable students qualified in Madhya Pradesh schools and colleges, to have the
confidence that they can start small enterprises in agriculture, manufacturing or service
sectors based on the core competence of a particular region. Banks have to be entrepreneur
friendly and should give them venture capital and support these young entrepreneurs and
their creative ideas.
Venture Capital Enterprises: Venture capital
institutions are willing to participate in the development of the state by developing
small enterprises that can generate large scale employment potential. You can invite the
Chief Executive of some of the venture capital institutions for working out an investment
strategy for creating innovative enterprises in your State and also popularizing the
venture capital approach in the State's development planning. Institution of this system
will change the situation in Madhya Pradesh by generating employment providers rather than
4. Global Human Resource
As Members are aware, there is a need for quality human
resource in the country in all sectors of the economy namely agriculture, manufacturing
and services. Since there is a mismatch between availability and the requirement of human
resource, cost of hiring is going up, which is not sustainable in the long run. We have to
face this challenge and the higher education system and the technical skill education
system have to gear up to generate manpower with employable skills in quantity and quality
at all levels. The education system has to be relevant to present day manpower needs and
be sensitive to global changes that are taking place in every sector of the economy.
At present India has five hundred and forty million youth under the age of 25 which will
continuously grow till 2050. In Madhya Pradesh alone, we will have around 32 million
youth. Keeping this resource in mind, universities and educational systems in Madhya
Pradesh should create two cadres: (1) a global cadre of skilled youth with specific
knowledge of special skills and (2) another global cadre of youth with higher education to
take up research and leadership roles. These two cadres will be required not only for
powering all sectors of our economy but also to be a reservoir of knowledge for the rest
of the world.
Universities, colleges and training institutions will
have to work towards increasing the through put of the higher education system from the
existing 6 percent to 20percent by 2015, 30 percent by 2020 and 50 percent by 2040. Youth
who are not covered by the higher education system should all have world class skill sets
with quality workmanship in areas such as construction, carpentry, electrical systems,
repair of mechanical systems, fashion design, para-legal, para-medical, accountancy, sales
and marketing, software and hardware maintenance and service, software quality assurance,
craftsmanship and tourism. No youth from Madhya Pradesh should be without either a world
class higher education or without world class skill sets. This is a mission that must be
undertaken by universities and colleges in the State. This will enable provision of
productive and high value employment to the 14.5 lakh youth who are coming out of schools
and colleges every year. At the Government level all efforts should be made to remove
shackles in the growth of educational institutions by giving greater autonomy and removing
IT Employment: As per the recent NASSCOM - McKinsey Report 2005, India has the
largest talent supply for offshore IT and BPO. The IT and BPO industry will be creating
over 9 million jobs by 2010 exceeding the planned employment creation across all special
programmes of the State and Central Governments. It will also create 6.5 million indirect
and induced jobs to support offshore IT and BPO industries in 2010. This will include
employment in several sectors such as construction, retail and transport. Power plus
scenario, nominal cost of living as compared to other cities, eco-friendly environment,
small commuting distances, peaceful atmosphere, reduced cost of land for projects, the
cities of Madhya Pradesh being located at the center of the country gives the State an
upper edge over other destinations for attracting IT industries. The State Government has
earmarked large tracts of land near airports for establishing software technology parks in
Indore, Gwalior and Bhopal. The State Government can have an investors meet in Bhopal and
present the advantages which an IT company can get in Madhya Pradesh such as exemption in
taxation, single window clearance, exemption from obtaining prior approval for setting up
captive power plants by IT companies, greater transparency in government transactions, and
economies of operation. This approach should enable your State to capture at least five
lakhs direct jobs and another five lakh indirect jobs by creating capacities and skills
among educated youth through specially organized programmes in collaboration with NASSCOM,
CII, IT companies and other social organizations in a mission mode. A well thought out
collaborative scheme is required for capacity building with national and international
5. Healthcare Mission
Madhya Pradesh has 268 Community Health Centers (CHCs),
1153 Primary Health Centers (PHCs) and 8835 Sub Health Centers. It is important that we
make the PHCs fully functional so that inhabitants of rural areas can benefit. These
PHCs, District hospitals can be equipped with mobile clinics, which can reach remote
areas. I would like to share an experience. Doctors definitely have to be at the PHCs at
least for three years or a contract can be given to private corporate hospitals to run
CHCs, PHCs etc.
Uttaranchal Mobile Clinic: On 19th October 2002, I participated in the launching of
a Mobile Clinic and Research Centre in Uttaranchal. This effort was piloted by the
Technology Information Forecasting and Assessment Council (TIFAC), the Government of
Uttaranchal, the Birla Institute of Scientific Research and many other agencies. After 44
months of its operation, I have found that this mobile clinic has been used in six
districts of Uttaranchal and has treated more than 50,000 patients have been treated
during this period. Among those treated, 48 percent belong to the Below Poverty Line (BPL)
category. Users are mainly from remote hill regions. The clinic has provided 10,000 ultra
sound, 6,000 X-rays, 2000 ECGs and nearly 20,000 lab tests. The mobile clinic has
documented the disease profile of patients in the region (six districts) which falls into
the following categories: acute peptic ulcer, anemia, anti-natal, chronic obstructive
pulmonary diseases, hyper tension, pelvic inflammation, renal calculi, upper respiratory
tract infection and worm infection. This type of analysis has been possible because of a
computerized system of clinic management introduced right in the beginning. Also, the
mobile clinic has been used in regions which are normally inaccessible and where organized
medical facility is not available. This, I consider as the best form of reaching
healthcare to the neediest people.
This is a low cost solution with committed healthcare personnel and institutions. Each
district of Madhya Pradesh can have at least one mobile unit to begin with. The clinical
data provided by this model will be applicable for many areas. Mobile clinics will also
provide research input for certain diseases prevalent in certain areas such as pulmonary
edema and sickle cell. I understand that there are already eleven mobile clinics in the
State. The Government of Madhya Pradesh can consider providing one mobile
diagnostic-cum-treatment centre in the remaining 37 districts of the state. This will
become an important step towards reaching healthcare to the people located in remote parts
of the State. These mobile hospitals can also participate in the immunization and control
programme against polio, tuberculosis, small pox, malaria and leprosy. In addition Madhya
Pradesh can make use of tele-medicine connectivity being extensively used by institutions
like Apollo, Narayana Hridayalaya, CARE Hospital and other corporate hospitals for
treating remote patients in collaboration with the Indian Space Research Organisation
(ISRO) for satellite connectivity. I understand that a tele-medicine node is presently
functional at Gwalior. This should be extended to all district hospitals in the State.
There is a need to create specialty and super specialty hospitals near Tier-2 cities and
district head quarters as public-private partnerships. These hospitals can be connected to
block level hospitals and mobile diagnostic units through tele-medicine connectivities for
making state-of-the-art medical advice available particularly to people living in rural
areas. There is also a need to improve infrastructural facilities in existing medical
colleges particularly in the area of cardio thoracic surgery, neuro surgery, pediatrics
and cancer treatment.
Yeshasvini scheme: I suggest a unique insurance
model for Madhya Pradesh, where health care will be available within a short distance for
each citizen. For providing comprehensive quality healthcare, we suggest citizens make a
contribution of about Rs.5/- per month per head and a matching Government contribution of
about Rs.5/-, which will lead to a Consolidated Health Fund of Rs.720 crores per annum for
the people of Madhya Pradesh. The Government contribution will be only Rs.360 crores which
will be Rs.120 crores more than the expenditure for medical and public health incurred
during 2005-06. I would also recommend Madhya Pradesh to invite corporate hospitals to set
up super specialty hospitals supported by tele-medicine and mobile clinics so that, they
can not only provide quality healthcare but also promote world class medical tourism in
places like Pachmarhi. The State Government can consider providing suitable incentives to
corporate hospitals for creating hospitals in different districts and becoming a partner
in running the healthcare scheme of the State for providing cost effective quality
healthcare to all the citizens of the State.
6. Water management
Madhya Pradesh has nine major rivers, namely Mahi,
Narmada, Tapti, Chambal, Betwa, Sone, Wainganga, Ken and Pench, which originate in Madhya
Pradesh and flow down to six bordering States, the estimated annual runoff from these
water sheds is over 80,000 million cubic meter, of which at least 50,000 million cubic
meter can be harnessed for irrigation if some of these river basins are intelligently
connected. This will also contain the severity of floods in some of these rivers during
the monsoon months. Suggested action for realizing effective water management of the state
would be the following :-
(a) Recover all the water bodies from encroachments using satellite maps.
(b) All village ponds be immediately de-silted along with clearance of inlet and outlet.
(c) Create additional water bodies in higher areas and fallow lands. This will enable
retention of water without being drained off to lower level villages of the State and also
enable farming operations to continue.
(d) Raise the protection wall for wells slightly above the normal flood water level so
that the debris does not fill the wells during floods and drinking water is available
immediately after the floods.
(e) Create additional check dams so that water can be retained in drought prone regions of
(f) To protect cities create channelization, embankment and diversion channels up-streams.
Satellite data provided by ISRO may be utilized for planning and implementing the overall
water management system of the State. It is essential that affected people of Narmada
project are rehabilitated on a priority basis in mission mode.
7. Infrastructure Development
Physical Connectivity: Madhya Pradesh has a
network of approximately 72,500 km of road network which includes 4600 km of national
highways. The all India density of roads is 24.5 km per 100 sq. km., whereas Madhya
Pradesh has only 19.8 km. per 100 sq km. So far, 10600 villages having a population of
1000 people have been connected through all weather roads and 3400 villages having
population of over 1000 are yet to be connected. However, Madhya Pradesh has over 55000
villages. That means we have to ensure good road connectivity for the remaining 41000
villages. While planning connectivity for these villages, a PURA Cluster approach may be
adopted. This could be taken up as a part of the Bharat Nirman programme. I understand
that the Madhya Pradesh PWD and MP Rural Road Development Authority are taking up
provision of a good road network on priority. The aim of these two departments should be
to bring road density progressively to 30 km. per 100 Sq. Km. in the 11th plan period,
either through Government or as a public-private partnership venture.
This will definitely provide the needed mobility for economic development of the rural
sector in Madhya Pradesh. A good road network will be a win-win proposition for all,
especially for your State as it is placed geographically at the centre of our country.
Long distance road transport has to perforce pass through Madhya Pradesh. As a result good
roads will increase traffic and provide a source of income for the rural people through
spin-offs such as income generated for the people through highway eating places and rest
rooms. For the nation, it would mean increased and cheaper commerce because of
accessibility to other parts of the country through Madhya Pradesh.
Establishment of PURA for Rural prosperity: When
a state's growth is driven by fast changing technologies, one must be cautious about
ensuring the participation of every citizen and region of the State with out causing any
technology or digital or economic divide. One of the solutions for ensuring the homogenous
and integrated development is PURA.
Madhya Pradesh has around 55,000 villages spread over 48 Districts and is totally
landlocked. Over 48 million people live in rural areas of your State. Hence I would
recommend the creation of approximately four hundred plain PURAs for the entire State.
Essential Connectivities of PURA: The integrated
methods, which will bring prosperity to rural India are - physical connectivity of village
clusters having populations of around one lakh, through quality roads and transport;
electronic connectivity through tele-communication with high bandwidth fiber optic cables
reaching rural areas from urban cities and through internet kiosks; knowledge connectivity
through education, vocational training for farmers, artisans and crafts persons and
entrepreneurship programmes. These three connectivities would lead to economic
connectivity through starting of enterprises with the help of banks, micro credits and
marketing of products.
After initial short-term employment during construction etc., we may have to plan for
initiating actions for providing regular employment opportunities for 10,000 people. If
the industrial parks are marketed well, they can generate employment opportunities in
service and the support sector for about 30000 people. We need to promote entrepreneurship
in rural areas. Each PURA should be supported by one or more food processing enterprises
and artisanal enterprises, power loom, handloom enterprises, handicrafts and sericulture
enterprises. Indo-Japanese Collaborative Experience: As an example, I would like to
mention the handicraft promotion work taking place at Chhindwara and Seoni in Madhya
Pradesh, as a State Government, Central Government and JETRO of Japan collaborative
venture. Here the development of interior life style articles is taking place with the
intervention of JETRO technical experts. After prototypes are made, the product is being
sent to Japan for presentation in exhibitions for getting a feedback. The feedback is used
to further improve the product for making it acceptable for sale in the international
market. A similar model has been followed between Thailand and Japan which has resulted in
the development of 26 products being produced in 26 villages with an annual turn-over of
Rs. 300 crores.
What is needed is application of technology for
quantity, quality and variety production of these products for servicing in the national
and international markets with management stewardship. The Institute of Fashion
Technology, New Delhi, National Institute of Design, Ahmedabad, Khadi and Village Industry
Commission can work with Rural Development Commissioners for selecting and promoting
products in the national and international markets. Each village cluster depending upon
the region will cost between Rs.80-100 crores. The convergence of funding for PURA will
come from the Bharat Nirman Programme and other rural development programmes of the
Central and State government schemes for bringing sustainable rural development.
Power: I am happy to see that infrastructure
development in the state is taking place on a massive scale. Presently, Madhya Pradesh has
approximately 6000 MWs installed capacity including power available from central sources.
The State Government has plans to bridge the gap of 2000 MW, between demand and generation
capacity, which has had an adverse effect on industry, agriculture and civic life. By 2008
Madhya Pradesh will have a generating capacity of over 10,000 MWs and will become a power
surplus State. I understand that the State Government is in the process of carrying out
electricity reforms which will enable reduction of large scale transmission and
distribution losses. This is a welcome move. Over the last three years the power sector
performance has seen major improvement in Gujarat both financially and operationally.
There have been no power cuts or load shedding. There has been no increase in tariff in
spite of rising input costs. The sector which was incurring a loss of nearly Rs. 1900
crores in 2003-04 is showing a profit of Rs. 200 crores now in 2005-06. I am sure Madhya
Pradesh can definitely emulate this model. The emphasis should be on quality power with
zero interruption to all users including rural citizens.
I understand that out of the 55,000 villages in Madhya Pradesh only 1,713 villages located
in remote areas are yet to be electrified. There is an urgent need to electrify these
villages using renewable energy sources on a priority basis in collaboration with the
Union Ministry of Non-Conventional Energy Sources. Also, Madhya Pradesh must think of
solar energy, wind energy, bio-mass energy and generation of energy through municipal
waste in some of the large towns. These interventions will ensure that the State will be
surplus in energy at all times, since part of the energy for the State is coming from
hydel sources which has a low load factor during non-monsoon months.
8. Tourist destination of the world
Madhya Pradesh with a its large bio-diversity, rich
heritage, legendary pilgrimmage centres, scenic beauty and unparallel wild life should be
an important destination for tourists. Out of 382 tourist sites 18 major centres attract a
large number of tourists. However, it is important to make travel, stay and the ambience
of the tourist enjoyable. Madhya Pradesh has high potential for international tourism. It
is time to work out a strategy through which new tourist circuits of interest are evolved
in Madhya Pradesh, and are made tourist friendly in all respects, so that they can attract
many of them. In that process there will be considerable income generation for the people
of the State at the grass roots levels. How do we achieve this?
My experiences: when I visited Dubai, I met the
Ruler of Dubai. He told me that Dubai is planning to increase tourist arrivals by five
folds. Once this decision was taken, I found, that the aviation minister was planning for
a new airport and also new types of aircraft needed for attracting tourists. The surface
transport minister was planning a number of additional road lanes required on highways.
The works ministry was planning the increase in hotel accommodations so that tourists
could get bookings without being disappointed. The health ministry had a road map for
waste management and a plan for providing additional clean water. This was the type of
integrated response that I found in the whole government to fulfill the national
objective. We have to take the message coming out of this experience and plan for multiple
requirements simultaneously for promoting tourism in our country.
Tourist circuits: Can we embark on such a mission in Madhya Pradesh with an
innovative public-private partnership? This will need a change of thinking, mindset and
action by the Union Ministry of Tourism, and the Madhya Pradesh Government with the active
collaboration of private enterprises. A tourism development mission can be achieved only
through multi-nodal ministry participation with the single aim of making tourists have an
enjoyable and safe stay. There is a need for urgent development of tourist circuits:
Gwalior-Orchha, Khajuraho, Sanchi-Bhopal-Bhojpur-Bhimbetka-Pachmarhi and
Gwalior-Shivpuri-Chanderi. In addition, there is a need to develop Amarkantak, Maheshwar,
Omkareshwar, Burhanpur and Indore. A tourist circuit covering heritage places in Madhya
Pradesh has to be covered with air connectivity with 50 seater aircrafts to enable foreign
and national tourists to get maximum coverage in minimum time. There is a need to convert
Bhopal Airport as an International Airport to enable foreign tourists to come here
directly. There is also a need to upgrade many roads linking tourist destinations with
four-lane roads to facilitate faster road journey. In addition, we have to train people to
convert tourism into income generation such as providing special skills in conversational
foreign languages at nominal cost by the State through NGOs. Many airlines are operating
in the country now. The Madhya Pradesh Government can initiate discussions and attract one
or two airlines to use their services in the prescribed circuit. In addition, perhaps some
domestic commercial airlines could be attracted to make Bhopal Airport the hub of their
operations, once it is upgraded to the level of an international airport, thus reducing
operational costs as Bhopal is geographically well placed. This would also perhaps take
the pressure off the other current hubs such as Delhi and Mumbai.
Growth in Tourism: These actions will enhance the arrival of foreign tourists from
the existing 1 lakh to over a million and also domestic tourists from 7 million to over 30
million. Each tourist, particularly the foreign tourist will create a minimum of two to
three jobs in the transportation sector, hospitality sector and other services. Vocational
training institutes have to create youth capacity, so that they can provide accurate
information and value added people friendly tourism services for national and
international tourists. These vocational training institutes can also create a pool of
manpower particularly for courteous taxi drivers, tourist guides and catering service
providers who would be able to render safe world class services that are dependable and
reminiscent of Indian hospitality and heritage. Tourism is a multi-organizational mission
which means Madhya Pradesh Government has to initiate an empowered tourism mission.
Tourism has the potential to convert unorganized service sectors such as tourist
transportation and catering to professional organized levels and lift the living standards
of the persons employed in these sectors.
Public-private partnership: Treat investments in tourism as a seed money for the
development of Tourists Circuits in this region, but what is needed is a mission mode
operation involving public-private partnership providing total services to the tourist in
an integrated way with multiple ministry coordination on the lines followed by the
9. Exclusive Economic Zones
A method is required to be found for how investment can
be attracted in the State for the faster development in all the three sectors of the
economy. How can it be done? May I share a few suggestions with you? The Madhya Pradesh
Legislative Assembly may consider forming six Exclusive Economic Zones. The suggested
sites and products of these economic zones would be:-
Indore - Pharmaceutical, textile, IT and auto components
Pithampur - Apparel Park, jewellary Park and Herbal Park
Bhopal - Life science products
Jabalpur - Apparel Park and Stone Park
Rewa - Herbal Park
Sagar - Granite Park
In order to build infrastructure and attract investment
in these zones, the Madhya Pradesh Government may consider the following actions.
(a) Fast single window clearance for attracting investment. (A multi-ministry
(b) Invite Madhya Pradesh origin industrialists and entrepreneurs who are within the
country and abroad for a meeting leading to the decision of taking up the task of building
and operating the Exclusive Economic zone in all three sectors of the economy.
C) To provide land, power, water, physical and electronic connectivity to the identified
(d) Members of the Madhya Pradesh legislative assembly irrespective of party affiliations
will give an assurance for enacting proactive policies for ensuring uninterrupted work
culture in these Economic Zones.
(e) Employees have to be partners in these enterprises.
The State Legislature can invite prospective entrepreneurs to invest in these Exclusive
Eonomic Zones. The aim of the economic zone should be to qualify the skill sets of the
workforce to standards prescribed by the National Manufacturing Competitiveness Council.
The institutions must converge, and the zone will have design, development, production and
marketing capability. One of the zones may be allotted for the development of a science
city. Each economic zone can lead to a turnover of Rs. 10,000 crores per annum.
10. e-Governance for Madhya Pradesh
Good governance is being recognized as an important
goal by many countries across the world. Madhya Pradesh has taken up specific initiatives
for transparent government. Freedom of information is being redefined and supported by
detailed guidelines. The internet revolution has proved to be a powerful tool for good
governance initiatives. An important dimension of the internet potential is the
possibility of providing services any time anywhere. Along with this there is a conscious
effort to put the citizen at the center of the focus of governance. Citizens are being
perceived as customers and clients. E-governance has to be citizen friendly. Delivery of
services to citizens is considered as a primary function of government. Particularly in a
democratic nation of a billion people like India, e-Governance should enable seamless
access to information and seamless flow of information across the State and Central
Governments in our federal setup.
In summary, I visualize e-Governance as:
"A transparent smart e-governance with seamless access, secure and authentic flow of
information crossing the inter-departmental barrier and providing a fair and unbiased
service to the citizen."
Madhya Pradesh needs an e-Governance based accelerated management system to administer
finance and monitor and interface with Central and world institutions. I would like to
propose a system which should encompass seamless G2G, G2C and G2B connectivity.
Now, let me share with you my personal experience in
setting up and operating a typical e-Governance Portal established at Rashtrapati Bhavan.
We have built an e-Governance system to study all correspondence, letters and petitions on
a day to day basis, analyze, prioritize, verify and determine action requirements to be
taken by Rashtrapati Bhavan and other agencies in the government and relevant institutions
both public and private. We have now established almost a paperless, dynamic and secured
workflow messaging system for file movements within the department and inter-departmental
communications. We have established within Rashtrapati Bhavan facilities for G2G and G2C
connectivity and are in the process of establishing high bandwidth broadband VPN
connectivity with Central and State Governments and other relevant institutions for
seamless flow of information within the existing systems and procedures of governmental
functioning. This will soon become a part of the e-Governance GRID. We will be very happy
to share this experience and customize a system needed for the introduction of a
comprehensive system for Madhya Pradesh's e-Governance (G2G and G2C).
11. Tribal development
Presently around 23 percent of the total population of
the country resides in Madhya Pradesh. Tribal welfare is a priority sector for the State
Government. Besides, better health and the education facility in tribal areas the State
Government is promoting cultivation of medicinal plants and processing of agricultural
produce. Special health scheme have been formulated for free transportation and medical
facilities for delivery in hospitals. Special provision also exists for recruitment in
government service. There is a need to preserve and nurture tribal culture. Since the
tribal population in general moves from place to place looking for new avenues for income
generation, I would suggest the creation of mobile health services, mobile schools and
mobile vocational training centres. I have already described a comprehensive mobile health
facility which can be replicated in this region. For mobile schools and vocational
training we require to transport teachers, teaching aids such as blackboards, books,
notebooks, computers and mobile shelters which can be used for conducting classes. The
idea should be to make education and healthcare reach tribal citizens, wherever they are.
This approach will ensure training of tribal citizens in the skills required for pursuing
revenue generating schemes. Now I would like to discuss a model tribal development taking
place in Jhabua District.
Model Tribal Development: I have studied tribal
development work being undertaken by (BAIF) in Jhabua and Hoshangabad districts. There
they have undertaken livestock development, watershed development, handicraft production,
fruit and vegetable processing and women empowerment. This has substantially enhanced the
earning potential of the tribal population and improved their quality of life. Here the
emphasis is on livelihood development. It has to be enlarged to provide quality education
and health care. That will lead to a sustainable development model. I am sure there may be
many more models of this type in Madhya Pradesh. We can identify and definitely replicate
a holistic model in different districts for enhancing the quality of life of the tribal
people of Madhya Pradesh.
The eleven missions suggested for Madhya Pradesh can be
discussed in this Legislative Assembly for transforming Madhya Pradesh into a developed
state before 2015. Each of the missions that I have mentioned today has the potential of
making Madhya Pradesh economically prosperous with tremendous effort coming from the
political system, the administration and the collective leadership of your State and the
Center. The outcome of the mission will be:-
Horticulture Mission: Generate employment for over six million youth and an annual
revenue of Rs. 40,000 crore by 2016.
Agricultural Mission: Increase output of cereals and pulses from 15.5 million
tonnes to 25 million tonnes in four years. Increase soyabean revenue from Rs.4500 crores
to Rs.9000 crores resulting in doubling of income for 5 million families. Increase
percapita availability of milk from 233 grams to 500 grams in five years.
Education and Entrepreneurship: Realize 100 percent literacy by 2012 and provide
full employment to all 1.5 million youth passing out from schools and colleges every year.
Creation of Centres of Excellence in engineering, science, arts and medicine.
Global Human Resource Cadre: All youth will
either have quality higher education or world class special skills. Madhya Pradesh can
capture five lakh direct employment and five lakh indirect employment in the IT sector by
Healthcare Mission: Eradicate Malaria, TB and Leprosy in all districts by 2012.
Reduce the Infant Mortality Rate to 50 per 1000 and the Maternal Mortality Rate to less
than 5 per 1000. Reach quality healthcare to all citizens including to tribal areas and
enhance life expectancy.
Water Management: Harness additional 50,000 cubic meter of water for irrigation.
Create additional storage capacity through water harvesting leading to a drought free
Madhya Pradesh by 2012. Infrastructure Development: Increase road density to 30 kms per
100 sq. km., plan for 400 plain PURAs, create the "one village one product"
model to generate revenue of Rs.10 crores per village.
e-Governance for Madhya Pradesh: Create a transparent citizens friendly, investment
friendly atmosphere leading to a prosperous and a happy State.
Tourism Destination of the World: Increase
international tourism from 1 lakh to one million and domestic tourism from 7 million to 30
million creating nearly 3 million jobs in the next five years.
Exclusive Economic Zone: Creation of six Exclusive Economic Zones to enable
balanced economic growth of the State. Each economic zone can lead to a turnover of Rs.
10,000 crores per annum.
Tribal Development: Provide quality education, quality healthcare and productive
employment opportunities to over 14 million tribal citizens of the State.
Dear Honourable Members, I have put forth in front of you, 11 missions for the prosperity
of Madhya Pradesh. You may ask questions, give suggestions, I would like to respond. I
will be very happy to correspond with you on Madhya Pradesh related development. Let me
finally give a suggestion for your consideration. All of you might like to ask yourself a
question? "What will I be remembered for?" If each one of you asks yourself
"What will I be remembered for?" What can be your response? The response of
course, as you are nurtured in the cradle of Madhya Pradesh, definitely your heart and
mind will say I will work in my lifetime, to be a partner in making Madhya Pradesh
"an economically prosperous, happy and safe State". I believe that the 11
missions, which I have described today can be the foundation for the mission of Madhya
Pradesh's prosperity leading to the creation of Madhya Pradesh as a great State.
My best wishes to all the Honourable Members of the Madhya Pradesh Legislative Assembly
and the people of Madhya Pradesh success in their mission of transforming their State into
a developed State by 2016.
May God bless you.